Preparing Articles

Preparing and submission of articles

The manuscript should be prepared using Microsoft Word with the following layout.
Articles submitted to International Journal for Sciences and Technology (IJST) should be
a single file readable by Microsoft Word,
using a standard typeface such as Times New Roman or Arial.
1. Manuscript should contain title page, abstract, main body, and references.
2. Tables should be added after references and each new table should be on a separate
3. Figures should follow the tables, putting each figure on a separate page ensuring that
the figure is at least the size it will be in the final printed document. Number each figure
outside the boundary of figure. Resolution of the figures should be at least 400 pixels/cm
(1000 pixels/in).
4. Number manuscript pages consecutively and activate line numbering.
5. The manuscript should be double-spaced. The beginning of each new paragraph must
be clearly indicated by indentation. Left-justify the text and turn off automatic
hyphenation. Use carriage returns only to end headings and paragraphs. Artificial word
breaks at the end of lines must be avoided. Do not insert spaces before punctuation.
6. Please use standard fonts such as Normal Arial. Use consistent notations and spellings
7. Please follow internationally accepted rules and conventions for gene and protein
names, units, for symbols, and for capitalization in text, tables, and figures.


1. Title Page
1.1. The title page should include a concise and informative title.
1. 2. Author (S). First name(s) and family name in full, with the author for
correspondence clearly indicated. Please include
Orchid information where available
1.3. Affiliation. The name and address of the institution(s) where the work was done,
and current addresses of authors.
1.4. Corresponding author. The email address for the corresponding author (s).


The abstract should be one paragraph, no longer than 250 words. No references should be
cited in the abstract.

Abbreviations should be avoided, but if they have to be used, they must be defined the
first time they appear.
A list of keywords (up to six) must be included after the abstract that will make the article
easily searchable and for
indexing purposes. Words that appear in the title should not be repeated in the keywords.


General Arrangement of Text
The text should be divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Materials and
Methods, Results, and Discussion.
Subheadings within sections except introduction can be used to clarify their contents.
Introduction and Discussion sections
may contain present tense to convey generally accepted information. Materials and
Methods and Results are
normally written in the past tense.
1. Introduction
The introduction should define the problem and provide sufficient information to explain
the background but there is usually no need for a comprehensive literature survey. The
objectives should be stated but it should not contain a summary of the results.
2. Materials and Methods
Sufficient detail must be provided to allow the work to be repeated. This section should
contain the experimental protocols and the origin of materials, tissue, cell lines, or
3. Results
The Results section should be in logical order presenting the experimental results. Please
do not include any interpretations,
inferences, arguments or speculations in this section.
4. Discussion

The authors should interpret their results clearly and suggest what they might mean in a
larger context. Please do not
repeat the information provided in the Results section.


Assistance received from funding agencies and colleagues should be acknowledged in
this section.


Published or “in press” articles may be included in the reference list. Unpublished studies
should be referred to as such
or as a personal communication in the text. Citations of references should be between
brackets, e.g. (1,3,5-7). The lists
of references, tables or figures should be numbered consecutively staring from 1. The
references should be containing
the last names and initials of up to four authors, year of publication, title of the paper,
and the title of the journal. These
should be followed by the volume, number between brackets and page numbers.
References to books should include the title of the book, the year
of publication between brackets, the publishing company and the place of
publication. Some examples are given below.
Smith PF.; Patel KR. and Al-Shammari AJN. (1980). An Alde hydro-Phosphoglycolipid
from Acholeplasma granularum.
Biochem.Biophys. Acta 617: 419-429
Sambrook J. and Russell DW. (2001). Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 3rd
edition. Cold Spring Harbor
Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.

McCarthy AJ. (1989). Thermomonospora. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
Bacteriology (ed. Williams ST, Sharpe ME,
Holt JG), Vol. 4, pp. 2552-2572. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, MD.
If web site references are used, the URL should be included next to information in the
text. Please check the references
carefully for accuracy, missing information, and punctuations.

Department of Health: The Interdepartmental Working Group on Tuberculosis 1999. The
Prevention and Control of
Tuberc1ilosis in the United Kingdom [Online] [accessed 2000 September].
Available from URL

Tables and Figures
Tabulation and illustration should not be used for points that can be adequately and
concisely described in the text.
Tables and figures should be understandable on their own without reference to the text.
Explanatory footnotes should be
related to the legend or table using superscript lower-case letters. All abbreviations
should be defined after the footnotes
below the table or by reference to a previous table in the same paper.


Manuscripts should be checked carefully before submission since substantial alterations
will not be permitted at the
‘proof’ stage. The editors reserve the right to make minor alterations to the text without
altering the scientific content.

Corrections should be sent to publisher in one communication. If corrections are not
received within 48 hours,
publisher reserves the right to proceed with publication.


Submission of Manuscripts
 Authors are required to submit their articles to IJST online for quick and more efficient
processing at  /  or

After submission the IJST editorial office will email all authors to ask them to confirm
their co-authorship, agree to the submission of the article, and agree that the
corresponding author may act on their behalf throughout the review and publication
process. If the order of authors changes after submission, or if any authors have been
removed or added, all authors will need to confirm they are happy with the change, either
by email.